India left its largest GSLV Mark-3 rocket for space from Sriharikota on Monday. GSLV Mark-3 has taken with him a satellite of 3,136 kg, which he will set up in orbit. The heaviest rocket of the GSLV series, GSLV Mark-3, flew for the first time at 5.28 pm on Saturday from Satish Dhawan Space Center's second launch pad.
This rocket weighing 43.43 meters long and 640 tonnes will complete its journey in 16 minutes and set GSAT-19 in its orbit at an altitude of 179 km from the Earth's surface. According to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), GSAT-19 is a multi-beam satellite, which has a KU band communication transponder. In addition, it has a geostrophic radiation spectrometer (GRASP), which will study and monitor the nature of charged particles and also study the impact of space radiation satellites and the electronic devices involved in it.
The working period of this satellite is 10 years. It also has the use of state-of-the-art space technology and will operate from home-made lithium-ion batteries. There is a rocket with the GSLV Mark-3 three-tier engine. The first level engine works on solid fuel, while two motor lamps that run in it run through the fuel. The second level of a rocket engine is powered by liquid fuel, while the engine at the third level is a cryogenic engine.
Vikram Sarabhai, Director of the Space Center Sivan told IANS, "The rocket's load capacity is up to four tonnes. The future of the rocket will increase the load capacity in the future." ISRO has launched a similar rocket without cryogenic engine in 2014, whose purpose was to study the structural stability of the rocket and to study dynamics during the flight.
ISRO officials told that the diameter of the rocket has been increased at various levels, due to which its height could be reduced, while its weight is quite high. An ISRO official said, "The new rocket is a bit smaller, but its capacity is much more."